Multicultural education is a continuous process that provides equal educational opportunities to each of its students. Its core focus is to provide students from different cultural backgrounds with diverse environments to improve them without any biases. A university with multicultural education employs this idea to alter the teaching methods for all diverse students.
Besides, it requires both students and teachers in a university to learn about one another’s different cultures. That being said, here are the five characteristics or dimensions related to multicultural education.
Instructors can employ content integration at any university level to incorporate content related to different cultural groups in the curriculum. They can give examples of different cultural figures or personalities without changing the course outline or instruction. Many educational materials can be explained by using ideas or examples from a wide range of different cultures.
Knowledge Construction Process
This second dimension refers to the knowledge construction process. It’s related to a process that comprises understanding, investigating, and determining the key concepts.
It’s a process that involves deconstructing the values underlying the knowledge, for example. It seeks to dive deep into understanding and investigating the values and assumptions underlying any terms or concepts. This way, students begin to understand how some terms and concepts taught are constructed.
Besides, this gives insight into how those key terms have underlying values that can be studied from a different cultural perspective. Deconstructing such terms used by scientists or their creators can help students become critical thinkers.
The third dimension is employing a myriad of strategies and utilizing different teaching styles to increase achievement among diverse students. This is to ensure and foster cooperative learning environments so that every student in the classroom can benefit from them. University instructors should modify their way of teaching, pedagogy, to incorporate equity among multicultural students.
In simple words, teachers should teach lessons using different teaching methods to help diverse students learn better. Being open-minded while delivering the lesson in a diverse classroom is a better example of this dimension.
Not everyone joins university with the same attitudes and beliefs. While some show more prejudice against diverse students, some learn to reduce it with the help of teachers. Prejudice reduction is, thus, a way to reduce the students’ perspective of others in a diverse classroom.
Instructors teaching any course should maintain a cooperative learning environment. Their aim should focus on changing the attitudes of students towards others from different cultural backgrounds.
Empowering School Culture (In a university)
Every institution has a culture with a set of values that makes the institution different from others. In the empowering school culture, this dimension, in any university, start with changing the culture. This empowering culture makes sure that every student from different cultures participates equally.
For example, African and Asian students should be given equal participation in predominant American schools or universities. Besides, there should be diverse teachers and staff in any university to promote equality and inclusivity.